Mountain biking fundamentals and techniques

Mountain biking fundamentals and techniques

Quick Tips About Mountain Biking Fundamentals And Techniques

Mountain Biking may be done without the presence of actual mountains. Almost any kind of riding that takes place off of paved roads will provide you with clean air, a fantastic workout, and, if there are hills or mountains in the area, the adrenaline of breathtaking vistas and thrillingly lengthy downhill sections.

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Mountain biking calls for a unique set of abilities, which are distinct from those needed for road cycling. This post will provide you with some fundamental strategies to help you get started.

Your body posture is maybe the single most important factor in whether or not you will be successful when Mountain biking.

Rocks, roots, ruts, sand, and mud are some of the surfaces that may be encountered on mountain bike trails. Beginners may experience anxiety because of the varied terrain and the possible obstacles, both of which are entertaining elements of the activity. You may make it through challenging parts of the path more easily if you are in the appropriate body posture.

Neutral and ready are the two main postures that the body may take.

Neutral Position

You want to be in a neutral posture on the bike while you’re going over trail sections that aren’t really technical. This keeps you moving forward in an effective and comfortable manner while also facilitating an easy transition into the ready position for tricky terrain. The following are components of the neutral position:
pedals that are level and have a balanced distribution of weight
The knees and elbows should be bent only slightly.
At all times, the index fingers should be placed on the brake levers (rim brakes often require 2 fingers)
Keep your eyes approximately 15 to 20 feet ahead of you; gaze in the direction that you want to travel, not in the direction that you don’t want to go.

Position Ready to Go

When the terrain begins to get more difficult, such as when the route becomes more rocky or steep, it is time to go into the ready posture (sometimes called the attack position). When you’re in the ready position, both emotionally and physically, you’re getting ready to tackle challenging parts of the path. The following are included in the ready position:

pedals that are level and have a balanced distribution of weight
A substantial bending in both the knees and the elbows (think of making chicken wings with your arms with a 90-degree bend.)
Hips moved back and the rear end of the body was lifted off the seat.
Your back is straight and should be roughly parallel to the ground. You should always have your index fingers on the brake levers (rim brakes often require 2 fingers)
Look around 15 to 20 feet ahead with your eyes, focusing on where you want to go rather than where you don’t want to go.

Making Changes to Your Seating Position

Getting into the right body posture for climbing and descending might be aided by adjusting the location of your seat in the vehicle.

Ascending: When climbing, adjust your seat so that you can cycle with the greatest amount of efficiency. Near the point when your foot is at the bottom of the pedal stroke, you should observe a small bend in the leg, reaching around 80–90 percent of complete leg extension. This allows you to pedal more effectively and forcefully by using the key muscles in your legs.

When it is time to descend, lower your seat about two or three inches from the height you put it at for ascending steep hills. When you reduce the height of your seat, you reduce the height of your center of gravity, which provides you with improved control and more confidence on steep descents. You may have to try out a few various seat heights before you locate the one that is most comfortable for you.

Picking a Line

Illustration of a mountain cyclist selecting a line.

One of the most common errors made by novices is to concentrate on areas that they want to avoid rather than the destination they wish to reach. To go over and around difficult areas of the route, choose a way, and then stay on that path.

Where should you search for potential dangers? That is dependant on the degree of your talent. The same log that may force one rider to halt may be an exciting opportunity for another cyclist. In general, keep an eye out for logs, other hikers, cyclists, and animals, as well as loose rocks, deep sand, water, damp roots, and deep sand.

In order to determine your line, look around 15–20 feet down the route and check ahead for any dangers. The next step is to turn your attention back to the tire you were looking at. Your eyes will be able to take in a great deal of information if you do this technique in an up-and-back motion. If you are aware of potential dangers in advance, you will be better able to change your equilibrium and choose a path that avoids them.


Mountain biker braking

It would seem like braking is a straightforward process: you just grip the levers, and the bike slows down. That sums up the most of it, but being better at braking is one of the most important things you can do to improve your level of comfort and safety when riding a bike.

How to Use the Breaks

It is important to brake in a consistent and controlled manner. Even though the majority of your stopping force comes from your front brake, applying too much pressure to it can cause you to lose control of your bike. Instead, apply very little pressure to the brakes, and be sure to distribute that pressure equally between the front and the rear brakes. Avoid quick, rapid squeezes to assist avoid sliding.

When you step on the brakes, you should position your body such that your hips are moved back, your heels are lowered, and your knees and elbows are kept slightly bent. This body stance will assist you in maintaining control of the bike and preventing you from moving too far forward on it.

If the mountain bike you are riding uses disc brakes, you should keep the index finger of each hand on the brake levers while you maintain the other three fingers on the handlebar grips. While riding, you will have enough braking power and control as a result of this. If your vehicle is equipped with rim brakes, you should try pressing the brake levers with two fingers since these brakes normally need more pressure to be engaged.

When to Apply the Break

When approaching a turn, apply the brakes far in front of the actual turn, and then let your momentum to take you through the rest of the turn. This enables you to concentrate on your technique during the turn, and it also enables you to accelerate out of the turn.

When it comes to climbing up and over barriers along the course, momentum may also be a helpful ally. When approaching obstacles, beginning motorcyclists often slow down significantly. You should maintain a steady pace in order to make it through these challenging parts of the path.


Mountain biking often includes some climbing and descending, so it is important to have a solid understanding of how to swap gears correctly. In addition to reducing the amount of wear and tear you put on your bicycle (particularly your chain, front cassette, and rear gears), developing good shifting habits makes it possible for you to propel yourself more effectively up and down hills.

Make frequent shifts: New riders should get in the habit of making numerous gear changes. This helps establish muscle memory, which in turn allows you to naturally shift up or down as necessary without having to think about whether you are moving to an easier or more challenging gear.

Make the move early; do not wait to make the shift until you have already begun climbing that significant hill. Always make sure that you change into the appropriate gear before you start climbing the difficult terrain. This enables you to maintain a consistent riding cadence so that you can generate the most power. In addition to this, it eliminates difficult shifting under a load, which is taxing on your gears and may cause your chain to come loose.

If you’re having difficulties finding a gear that suits the terrain you’re riding on, it’s better to err on the side of caution and spin in an easier gear than to force yourself to ride in a gear that’s too difficult.

Cross-chaining should be avoided at all costs; this is yet another essential guideline. This takes place when your chain is stretched in an unusual manner across from the small chainring in the front to the tiny cog in the rear, or from the large chainring in the front to the large gear in the back. This holds true for both the bicycle’s double and triple chainring combinations. Cross-chaining may cause your chain to break due to the strain, and it also causes your chain to stretch over time, which reduces the amount of time it can be used before breaking.

Last but not least, make sure you never forget to maintain pedaling even as you are moving gears. If you stop pedaling as you swap gears, you might potentially damage or destroy the chain.

Nobody likes to crash while they are mountain biking since it is one of those activities where it is nearly likely that you will do so at some point.

If you go down while riding your bike, try to keep your arms close to your body. It’s natural to want to reach out and grab anything to break your fall, but doing so puts you at risk of breaking your wrist or collarbone.

When someone trips and falls, the majority of the harm they sustain is to their pride. Pull yourself up by the bootstraps, brush off the dirt, and check to see if you have any injuries. Then you should inspect your bike. It’s possible that the seat or handlebar became twisted, and the chain may have fallen off entirely.

Before you continue, make sure that your gears and brakes are working properly. Carrying a multi-tool and a compact first-aid kit with you on your hike is a good idea since you never know when you may need to make adjustments or repairs along the way.

Mountain biking while Hiking

As you continue to bike the trails, you will inevitably find yourself in a confined space at some point. On the path, if you find yourself stuck in a rut, resist the urge to “fight the bike.” Just give it your best shot and see how it turns out. Impossible? There is absolutely no shame in giving up and going for a stroll instead. Mountain riding is a sport in which walking is entirely allowed at any time. On many routes, you may encounter areas that require you to walk your bike because they are too tough to ride through, either going up or going down.

Trail Etiquette

Mountain biking is often done on paths or roads that are also used by other types of users, such as hikers and horses. Maintain a polite and responsible riding style at all times, and stay in charge of your motorcycle. Mountain bikes should only be ridden on paths that specifically allow them. The following are some of the most important regulations:

Always give bicycles going uphill the right of way when passing them (in singletrack, stop completely and lift the bike out of the trail).
When approaching horseback riders or hikers, come to a complete stop and allow them plenty of space. When interacting with horses, it is best to heed one’s cues from the equestrian rider as to how best to proceed.
Make sure other people who are using the path know you’re coming and provide a nice welcome to them.


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