The Modern Prometheus
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley
There has been debate about Frankenstein; Or, The Modern Prometheus ever since it was originally published in 1818. Some authors contend that science and technology are unquestionably beneficial, while others claim that they might endanger mankind. Frankenstein; Or, The Modern Prometheus has been a topic of debate between authors who contend that science and technology are unquestionably beneficial and others who contend that they might kill mankind ever since it was originally published in 1818. Frankenstein is a novel about one man’s desire for knowledge. The monster is a tragic figure, he is shunned from society because of his physical appearance. He is lonely and the ways he attempts to make friends are seen as threatening to society. Ultimately, he turns violent, but it’s not necessarily his fault; he was created and abandoned by an insane scientist.
In the course of the letter, Robert Walton, commander of a ship assigned to the North Pole, reports to his sister in England about the progress of his dangerous mission. Effective from the start, the work was hampered by a sea of ice long ago. Caught, Walton realizes Victor Frankenstein, who is running a sledge over the ice and is weakened by the virus. Walton takes her on a boat, assists her in her treatment, and listens to the fantastic stories of animals created by Frankenstein.
Victor first describes his youth in Geneva. After a happy childhood with Elizabeth Lavensa (her cousin in the 1818 edition, her adopted sister in the 1831 edition) and their friend Henry Claverval, Victor went to Ingolstadt University to study natural philosophy and chemistry. There he became obsessed with discovering the secrets of life, and after several years of research, he was convinced that he had found it.
Equipped with the knowledge he had long sought, Victor spent months feverishly creating an animal from ancient body parts. One evening, in the secret of his apartment, he brings his creation to life. But when he looked at the horror he had created, he became terrified. After a restless night’s sleep, interrupted by a monster hanging over him, he runs down the street, finally wandering around in remorse. Henry, who has arrived to the university to study, is met by Victor, who then drives his buddy to his flat. Although the monster had disappeared, Victor fell ill with a fever.
Annoyed by his horrific work, Victor prepares to return to Geneva for his family and health. However, just before he left Ingolstadt, he received a letter from his father informing him that his younger brother William had been killed. The grief subsides, and Victor leaves home. While walking through the forest where William was killed by suffocation, he sees the monster and is convinced that the monster is his brother’s killer. Arriving in Geneva, Victor discovers that Justin Moritz, a kind and decent girl adopted by the Frankenstein family, has been charged. Despite his innocence, he was tried, convicted and sentenced to death. Victor feels discouraged and guilty when he learns that the monsters he created are responsible for the deaths of two innocent loved ones.
Hoping to ease his pain, Victor takes a vacation to the mountains. While he is alone for a day crossing a vast glacier, the monster approaches him. The monster admits to killing William but begs for understanding. Alone, rejected and helpless, he says he struck William in a desperate attempt to hurt Victor, his cruel creator. The monster begs Victor to create him a companion, an equally grotesque monster, to serve as his sole companion.
Victor refuses at first, terrified at the thought of creating a second monster. However, the monster is eloquent and persuasive, eventually believing Victor. Upon his return to Geneva, Victor travelled to England with Henry to collect information to create a female demon. Leaving Henry in Scotland, he isolated himself on a desert island in Arkansas and reluctantly worked to repeat his first success. One night, doubting the morality of his actions, Victor looks out the window and sees that the monster is looking at him with a terrible smile. Terrified by the possible consequences of his actions, Victor destroys his new creation. The angry monster swears revenge and swears that he will be with Victor on Victor’s wedding night.
Shortly afterwards, Victor took a boat to a lake and threw the remains of the following creature into the water. The wind rises and prevents him from returning to the island. At the beginning of the day, he had almost finished a new city on the ground. Upon landing, he was apprehended and informed that he would be pursued for a murder found the day before. Victor has no information about the murder, but he is shocked when he shows his partner, Henry Clarval, a corpse with an animal’s fingerprint on his neck. Victor ends up getting sick, crazy and hot and is kept in jail until he recovers, after which he is released from injustice.
Shortly after returning to Geneva with his father, Victor married Isabel. He fears the beast’s advice and suspects that he will be killed on his wedding night. As a precautionary measure, he sent Elizabeth to hang tight for him. He hears Elizabeth’s screams while hanging tight to the beast and realizes that the monster will kill his new sweetheart, not himself. Victor returns to his father, who later leaves in agony. Victor promises to dedicate the rest of his life to finding and taking revenge on the beast before it is too late to start his journey.
Victor is still following the monster north on the ice. Victor nearly catches up with the beast in a dog sledge chase, but the sea swells beneath them and the ice cracks, creating an impassable space between them. At this point, Walton meets Victor, and the narrative reaches the end of Walton’s fourth letter to his sister.
Walton recounts the rest of the story in another series of letters to his sister. Victor, now ill when the two meet, breaks up long ago and bites the dust. Whenever Walton returned to the room where the body lay a few days after the incident, he was shocked to see the animal crying for Victor. The monster tells Walton about his incredible frustration, tolerance, contempt and lamentation. He claims that now that his creator is dead, he can end his suffering—the beast headed for the northern ice to bite the dust at that moment.
Frankenstein’s most critical clash revolves around Victor’s powerlessness, which has repercussions for his actions. Victor only focuses on his motives and fails to understand what his activities mean to other people. The animal is the most undeniable sign of how Victor neglected to take ownership of his activities in opposition to the laws of nature. The initial controversy seems to be when Victor begins his investigation at Ingolstadt University and leaves his family and spouse behind. The line expands when Victor, “finding the cause of age and life”, settles down to create an animal. He doesn’t stop to consider what it might be like to face this beast, or he doesn’t bother with how he neglects his family to continue his work. She is so fixed on her desires that she no longer thinks of anything. The growing activity of his brutal journey to build life reached a climax when, after recovering the animal, he reacted with sick fear and hatred and fled the house. This episode represents Victor’s conflict with a moral obligation: he is accused of creating the animal and reviving it, yet he rejects it if he can do it without consequences.
Victor mounts the strain after learning of the death of his brother William and the misleading allegations against Justin. The murder creates another situation where Victor can choose whether to take responsibility or not. He further fueled the controversy by allowing Justin to be executed instead of being acquainted with the beast. The discussion escalates when the beast feels Victor at the top of the hill and tells him the story of all the patience that went through him and his frustration and distance. The gathering between the beast and its creator is one more second when Victor can wander off his self-centred path. The plot hints at a possible arrangement when Victor unhesitatingly agrees to make an ally for the beast in exchange for the two moving to a distant land.
However, the dispute flared up again when Victor was too upset to consider proceeding with the arrangement, and the wife destroyed the beast before it could be finished. He doesn’t care what this wild choice means, even though the beast swears revenge. Victor is shocked when his partner Henry Clareval is killed and then again when his life partner Elizabeth is destroyed, despite the beast’s public statement that he has to turn Victor’s life into hell by leaving what he wants and loves now. Elizabeth’s murder took the controversy to its final stage, where Victor vowed to chase and kill the beast to avenge all the dead. This desire resolves the opposition, albeit to a lesser extent, because it gives the evil presence what it needs. It has the complete focus of its creator, and the destiny of two human beings is connected.
Following in the beast’s footsteps around the world, Victor shows the arc and meets Walton, taking the story back to where it was moved from Walton to Victor. Victor’s behaviour has eroded him so much that he bites the dust off the boat to tell his story, to satisfy his work in the story. The novel ends with Walton tracking the beast in the room, looking at Victor’s corpse, and crying. Victor never admits that he played a role in creating the disorder and misfortune that came with some innocent people and the misery of his creation. Unlike Victor, the beast expresses remorse and self-loathing, suggesting that he has finally become “human” rather than his creator. According to his vision, Walton can finally see and hear the monster and feel a “combination of interest and sympathy.” The clever hierarchical activity quickly ends when the beast realizes his suicide plan and then goes out alone to arrange it.